Apart from Murchison Falls National Park, Mabamba bay is the only other place and site (so far rated as the best in Africa and/or the whole world) where the elusive Shoebill can be spotted at any one time of the day. Mabamba is an Important Birding Area, one of the best marshy areas along the Northern shores of Lake Victoria for bird watching, it is the closest place to Kampala.
Mabamba bay has grown into one of the most interesting and spectacular sites for birding in Uganda and is one of the wetlands of International Importance. Recently, Mabamba has become one of the strong holds for the migrant Blue Swallow with over 100 individuals recorded every year. Other globally threatened species of regional significance that can be spotted here include, the Pallid Harrier, Papyrus Gonolek, White-Winged Warbler and the Blue Swallow. The Shoebill feeds primarily on Lungfish, which is also cherished by the local community. Shoebills are regularly recorded in pairs or in threes in the North East of Mabamba Bay.
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Recent visits also confirmed presence of flocks of other species especially migrants such as Gull-Billed Terns, White-Winged Black Terns and Whiskered Terns, and residents such as Grey-Headed Gulls. Other interesting species found in the marsh include good numbers of Goliath Herons, Spur-Winged and Pygmy Geese, Malachite Kingfisher, Papyrus Canary, Northern Brown-throated Weaver, Carruther’s Cisticola and a number of other birds. Five Lake Biome species have also been recorded here.